IRC §45P. Employer wage credit for employees who are active duty members of the uniformed services

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(a) General rule

For purposes of section 38, in the case of an eligible small business employer, the differential wage payment credit for any taxable year is an amount equal to 20 percent of the sum of the eligible differential wage payments for each of the qualified employees of the taxpayer during such taxable year.

(b) Definitions

For purposes of this section—

(1) Eligible differential wage payments

The term “eligible differential wage payments” means, with respect to each qualified employee, so much of the differential wage payments (as defined in section 3401(h)(2)) paid to such employee for the taxable year as does not exceed $20,000.

(2) Qualified employee

The term “qualified employee” means a person who has been an employee of the taxpayer for the 91-day period immediately preceding the period for which any differential wage payment is made.

(3) Eligible small business employer

(A) In general

The term “eligible small business employer” means, with respect to any taxable year, any employer which—

(i) employed an average of less than 50 employees on business days during such taxable year, and

(ii) under a written plan of the employer, provides eligible differential wage payments to every qualified employee of the employer.

(B) Controlled groups

For purposes of subparagraph (A), all persons treated as a single employer under subsection (b), (c), (m), or (o) of section 414 shall be treated as a single employer.

(c) Coordination with other credits

The amount of credit otherwise allowable under this chapter with respect to compensation paid to any employee shall be reduced by the credit determined under this section with respect to such employee.

(d) Disallowance for failure to comply with employment or reemployment rights of members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces of the United States

No credit shall be allowed under subsection (a) to a taxpayer for—

(1) any taxable year, beginning after the date of the enactment of this section, in which the taxpayer is under a final order, judgment, or other process issued or required by a district court of the United States under section 4323 of title 38 of the United States Code with respect to a violation of chapter 43 of such title, and

(2) the 2 succeeding taxable years.

(e) Certain rules to apply

For purposes of this section, rules similar to the rules of subsections (c), (d), and (e) of section 52 shall apply.

(f) Termination

This section shall not apply to any payments made after December 31, 2011.

(Added Pub. L. 110–245, title I, §111(a), June 17, 2008, 122 Stat. 1634; amended Pub. L. 111–312, title VII, §736(a), Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3318.)

References in Text

The date of the enactment of this section, referred to in subsec. (d)(1), is the date of the enactment of Pub. L. 110–245, which was approved June 17, 2008.


2010—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 111–312 substituted “December 31, 2011” for “December 31, 2009”.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–312, title VII, §736(b), Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3318, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to payments made after December 31, 2009.”

Effective Date

Section applicable to amounts paid after June 17, 2008, see section 111(e) of Pub. L. 110–245, set out as an Effective Date of 2008 Amendment note under section 38 of this title.