(a) Application of subchapter C rules
Except as otherwise provided in this title, and except to the extent inconsistent with this subchapter, subchapter C shall apply to an S corporation and its shareholders.
(b) No carryover between C year and S year
(1) From C year to S year
No carryforward, and no carryback, arising for a taxable year for which a corporation is a C corporation may be carried to a taxable year for which such corporation is an S corporation.
(2) No carryover from S year
No carryforward, and no carryback, shall arise at the corporate level for a taxable year for which a corporation is an S corporation.
(3) Treatment of S year as elapsed year
Nothing in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall prevent treating a taxable year for which a corporation is an S corporation as a taxable year for purposes of determining the number of taxable years to which an item may be carried back or carried forward.
(c) Earnings and profits
(1) In general
Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) and subsection (d)(3), no adjustment shall be made to the earnings and profits of an S corporation.
(2) Adjustments for redemptions, liquidations, reorganizations, divisives, etc.
In the case of any transaction involving the application of subchapter C to any S corporation, proper adjustment to any accumulated earnings and profits of the corporation shall be made.
(3) Adjustments in case of distributions treated as dividends under section 1368(c)(2)
Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to that portion of a distribution which is treated as a dividend under section 1368(c)(2).
(d) Coordination with investment credit recapture
(1) No recapture by reason of election
Any election under section 1362 shall be treated as a mere change in the form of conducting a trade or business for purposes of the second sentence of section 50(a)(4).
(2) Corporation continues to be liable
Notwithstanding an election under section 1362, an S corporation shall continue to be liable for any increase in tax under section 49(b) or 50(a) attributable to credits allowed for taxable years for which such corporation was not an S corporation.
(3) Adjustment to earnings and profits for amount of recapture
Paragraph (1) of subsection (c) shall not apply to any increase in tax under section 49(b) or 50(a) for which the S corporation is liable.
(e) Cash distributions during post-termination transition period
(1) In general
Any distribution of money by a corporation with respect to its stock during a post-termination transition period shall be applied against and reduce the adjusted basis of the stock, to the extent that the amount of the distribution does not exceed the accumulated adjustments account (within the meaning of section 1368(e)).
(2) Election to distribute earnings first
An S corporation may elect to have paragraph (1) not apply to all distributions made during a post-termination transition period described in section 1377(b)(1)(A). Such election shall not be effective unless all shareholders of the S corporation to whom distributions are made by the S corporation during such post-termination transition period consent to such election.
(Added Pub. L. 97–354, §2, Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1681; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title VII, §721(e), (o), (x)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 967, 970, 971; Pub. L. 99– 4, title XVIII, §1899A(33), (34), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2960; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11813(b)(23), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–555; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1310, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1784.)
A prior section 1371, added Pub. L. 85–866, title I, §64(a), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1650; amended Pub. L. 86–376, §2(a), Sept. 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 699; Pub. L. 88–272, title II, §233(a), Feb. 26, 1964, 78 Stat. 112; Pub. L. 94–455, title IX, §902(a)(1), (2), (c)(1), (2), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1608, 1609; Pub. L. 95–600, title III, §§341, 342, title VII, §701(y)(1), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2843, 2921; Pub. L. 96–589, §5(d), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3406; Pub. L. 97–34, title II, §§233(a), 234(a), (b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 250, 2 ; Pub. L. 97–448, title I, §102(i)(1), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2372, related to definitions applicable to election of small business corporations as to taxable status, prior to the general revision of this subchapter by section 2 of Pub. L. 97–354.
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–188 reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:
1990—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, §11813(b)(23)(A), substituted “section 50(a)(4)” for “section 47(b)”.
Subsec. (d)(2), (3). Pub. L. 101–508, §11813(b)(23)(B), substituted “section 49(b) or 50(a)” for “section 47”.
1986—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 99– 4, §1899A(33), inserted “(within the meaning of section 1368(e))”.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 99– 4, §1899A(34), struck out “(within the meaning of section 1368(e))” after “to such election”.
1984—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §621(e)(2), substituted “paragraphs (2) and (3) and subsection (d)(3)” for “paragraphs (2) and (3)”.
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 98–369, §721(e)(1), added par. (3).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–369, §721(o), amended subsec. (e) generally, designating existing provisions as par. (1) and adding par. (2).
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 98–369, §721(x)(3), inserted “(within the meaning of section 1368(e))”.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1996, see section 1317(a) of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 641 of this title.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 1990, but not applicable to any transition property (as defined in section 49(e) of this title), any property with respect to which qualified progress expenditures were previously taken into account under section 46(d) of this title, and any property described in section 46(b)(2)(C) of this title, as such sections were in effect on Nov. 4, 1990, see section 11813(c) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective as if included in the Subchapter S Revision Act of 1982, Pub. L. 97–354, see section 721(y)(1) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 1361 of this title.
Section applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1982, see section 6(a) of Pub. L. 97–354, set out as a note under section 1361 of this title.
For provisions that nothing in amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.
Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989
For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99– 4 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99– 4, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.