(a) General rule
There is hereby imposed on every rail employer for each calendar month an excise tax, with respect to having individuals in his employ, equal to 4 percent of the total rail wages paid by him during such month.
(b) Tax on employee representatives
(1) In general
There is hereby imposed on the income of each employee representative a tax equal to 4 percent of the rail wages paid to him during the calendar month.
(2) Determination of wages
The rail wages of an employee representative for purposes of paragraph (1) shall be determined in the same manner and with the same effect as if the employee organization by which such employee representative is employed were a rail employer.
(c) Termination if loans to railroad unemployment fund repaid
The tax imposed by this section shall not apply to rail wages paid on or after the 1st day of any calendar month if, as of such 1st day, there is—
(1) no balance of transfers made before October 1, 1985, to the railroad unemployment insurance account under section 10(d) of the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act, and
(2) no unpaid interest on such transfers.
(Added Pub. L. 98–76, title II, §231(a), Aug. 12, 1983, 97 Stat. 426; amended Pub. L. 99–272, title XIII, §13301(a), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 325; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1018(u)(17), title VIII, §7106(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3590, 3772.)
References in Text
Section 10(d) of the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is classified to section 360(d) of Title 45, Railroads.
1988—Pub. L. 100–647, §7106(a), amended section generally, revising and restating provisions of subsecs. (a) and (b) and specifying imposition of 4 percent tax on rail wages rather than a tax based on the “applicable percentage” of rail wages, and in subsec. (c) substituting provisions relating to termination if loans to railroad unemployment fund repaid for provisions relating to rates of tax.
Pub. L. 100–647, §1018(u)(17), added a period at end of par. (4).
1986—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–272 amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment subsec. (c) read as follows:
“(A) 2 percent, plus
“(B) 0.3 percent for each preceding taxable period.
In no event shall the applicable percentage exceed 5 percent.”
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Amendment by section 1018(u)(17) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99– 4, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
Section 7106(d) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 3322, 6157, 6201, 6317, 6 3, and 6601 of this title, omitting section 3323 of this title, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 231n of Title 45, Railroads], and the provisions of subsection (b) [set out below], shall apply to remuneration paid after December 31, 1988.”
Section 231(d) of Pub. L. 98–76 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this chapter and amending sections 6157, 6201, 6317, 6 3, and 6601 of this title] shall apply to remuneration paid after June 30, 1986.”
Continuation of Surtax Rate Through 1990
Section 7106(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that:
“(A) there shall be substituted for ‘4 percent’ in subsections (a) and (b) of section 3321 of the 1986 Code the percentage equal to the sum of—
“(i) 4 percent, plus
“(ii) the surtax rate (if any) for such calendar month, and
“(B) subsection (c) of such section shall not apply to so much of the tax imposed by such section as is attributable to the surtax rate.
“(A) 3.5 percent for each month during a calendar year if, as of September 30, of the preceding calendar year, there was a balance of transfers (or unpaid interest thereon) made after September 30, 1985, to the railroad unemployment insurance account under section 10(d) of the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act [45 U.S.C. 360(d)], and
“(B) zero for any other calendar month.”